The 3 Most Common Types of Cavities and How They Are Treated
Recent studies conducted in 5 cities in India have revealed that the number of cavities among individuals is at an all-time high. A lot of people associate cavities with tiny holes on the surface of the teeth. Although it is an accurate way to describe cavities, they affect a tooth in more than one way. This blog will highlight the three most common types of cavities and the most suitable treatment for each class.

Root canal treatment is one of the best and the most effective ways to treat cavities. Cavities, if left untreated could potentially lead to complications in the future. Creative Dental is one of the leading dental clinics in Pune for a range of advanced dental treatments including a root canal treatment, dental implants, teeth whitening, wisdom tooth extraction, and more.

Let’s understand the most common types of cavities and how they are treated.

The three most common types of cavities include:

Pit and fissure cavities

Pit and fissure cavities can be mainly seen near the rear molar and on the chewing surface of a tooth.

Food and plaque tend to stick to the grooves and crevices of the teeth tops; it is prevalent to see pits and fissure cavities especially in individuals who fail to brush regularly.


If detected in the early stage, pit and cavities are usually treated with sealants or different types of fluoride. If the cavity is deep, your dentist will get rid of the decay and treat the tooth with either a root canal treatment & crowns or fillings. Fillings are ideal for small cavities. However, for deeper cavities, a root canal procedure is recommended as the decay causes significant damage to the tooth structure.

Root cavities

Root cavities typically can be seen on the surface of the tooth’s root and are common among adults who have or had a history with gum problems. In cases where the gums are exposed, they are vulnerable to decay leading to root cavities.


Initially, Dentists remove any form of tooth decay and fill the cavity with an effective filling. However, if the decay branches out to the pulp, a root canal is usually performed to treat it. It is essential to note that as the enamel is not entirely present at this part of the tooth, the decay can spread at a rapid pace. Hence, it is vital to treat root cavities as soon as they are detected

Smooth-surface cavities

Smooth-surface cavities are seen on sides of the mouth and generally affect the flat exterior of the tooth. Although smooth-surface cavities are less common than the other mentioned cavities in the blog, they cause serious problems for individuals with poor Oral habits.


As smooth-surface cavities develop gradually, it is easier to treat the same. Often, a fluoride treatment including fluoride-rich water, gels, and toothpaste are sufficient to deal with smooth-surface cavities. Moreover, a cavity usually takes a lot of time to penetrate the smooth-surface enamel which requires a filling.

Cavities result due to poor dental health and if not treated at the right time, can pose a severe threat to your oral health. However, you do not have to worry anymore as Creative Dental Clinic offers some of the most advanced and cost-effective dental treatments. Our experienced dental experts use their years of experience and expertise to ensure every patient leaves with a smile on their face. Book an appointment with us today!

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